Kasuti, Chamba Rumal & Kantha – I have been learning embroidery techniques
I have been learning various embroidery techniques as a part of surface design techniques module in college. I had worked on three embroidery techniques known in India known as Kasuti embroidery, Chamba rumal and Kantha embroidery.
Kasuti embroidery is a technique practiced in the Indian state Karnataka usually done on cotton matte using double running stitch and criss-cross stitch and is done intricately counting the number of warps and wefts.
Chamba is a technique of fabric painting with embroidery or may be considered as needle painting where double satin stitch, carried forward and backward alternately, done on both sides of teh fabric simultaneously. The embroidery appears same on both sides. The intricacy of the work on both sides of the fabric is such that you cannot tell the right side from the wrong. Stem Stitch is used when necessary and buttonhole stitch is used to finish the edges.
According to Wikipedia, Kantha is a type of embroidery popular in Bangladesh and in West Bengal, India. The use of kantha is popular in saris traditionally worn by women in Bengal, but any garment or cloth with kantha embroidery (having a border of decorative running stitch motifs) may be called a kantha garment. Kantha stitching is also used to make simple quilts. Women in Bengal typically use old saris and cloth and layer them with kantha stitch to make a light blanket, throw or bedspread, especially for children. Kantha is very popular with tourists visiting Bengal and is a specialty of Bolpur/Shantiniketan, and is similar to the decorative running stitch of Japanese sashiko quilting. Kantha originated from the way in which Bengali housewives mended old clothes by taking out a strand of thread from the colorful border of their saris and making simple designs with them.